Spatial distribution of ~1950-1800Ma metamorphic events in the North China Craton: Implications for tectonic subdivision of the craton

Peng Peng, X. Wang, B.F. Windley, J. Guo, M. Zhai, Y. Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    153 Citations (Scopus)


    Great progress has been made in the last twenty years in understanding the unification of the North China Craton. According to a prevailing model it developed by amalgamation of four sub-blocks by three spatially and temporally separate orogenic belts: the first at ~1950Ma formed the Western Block, the second at ~1900Ma created the Eastern Block, and the third at ~1850Ma unified the Eastern and Western Blocks. However, new data show that the 1950Ma orogen was affected by granulite facies reequilibration at 1800Ma, and parts of the 1850Ma orogen have evidence of metamorphism at 1950-1900Ma. New zircon U-Pb ages enable the Paleoproterozoic metamorphic events to be statistically sub-divided into four: at ~1955Ma (M1),~1920Ma (M2), ~1885Ma (M3) and ~1850Ma (M4). The M1-2 events always appear together, mainly in two belt areas including the Helanshan-Qianlishan, northern Ordos, Yinshan, Liangcheng, Huai'an, Lushan, Jiaobei and Liaodong regions; whereas the M3-4 events are distributed over larger areas and were superimposed on the M1-2 activities. This age distribution is inconsistent with previous models of three separate orogens. It should also be noted that the igneous rocks contemporary with the regional (ultra-)high-temperature/high-pressure granulite facies metamorphisms (M1-2) were previously described as arc-related series, i.e., the gabbro-norites, I-/S-type granites and trimodal volcanics. Based on the spatial distribution of the Paleoproterozoic metamorphic events (M1-4), and of the coeval igneous rocks, we speculate that the assembly of the NCC was created by one orogen, which formed between the Eastern and Western Cratons in two tectonic stages: two marginal arcs, the Korean and Xuwujia, developed against both eastern sides of the two sub-cratons, and were both accreted and deformed at 1965-1900Ma (M1-2). Subsequently the amalgamation of the two sub-cratons resulted in metamorphism on the western side of the Eastern Craton, and in metamorphism that was superimposed on both accreted arcs at 1900-1790Ma (M3-4). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)250-266
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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