Soybean root suberin and partial resistance to root rot caused by Phytophthora sojae

Kosala Ranathunge, Raymond H. Thomas, Xingxiao Fang, Carol A. Peterson, Mark Gijzen, Mark A. Bernards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytophthora sojae is the causal agent of root and stem rot of soybean (Glycine max). Various cultivars with partial resistance to the pathogen have been developed to mitigate this damage. Herein, two contrasting genotypes, the cultivar Conrad (with strong partial resistance) and the line OX760-6 (with weak partial resistance), were compared regarding their amounts of preformed and induced suberin components, and to early events during the P. sojae infection process. To colonize the root, hyphae grew through the suberized middle lamellae between epidermal cells. This took 2 to 3 h longer in Conrad than in OX760-6, giving Conrad plants more time to establish their chemical defenses. Subsequent growth of hyphae through the endodermis was also delayed in Conrad. This cultivar had more preformed aliphatic suberin than the line OX760-6 and was induced to form more aliphatic suberin several days prior to that of OX760-6. However, the induced suberin was formed subsequent to the initial infection process. Eventually, the amount of induced suberin (measured 8 days postinoculation) was the same in both genotypes. Preformed root epidermal suberin provides a target for selection and development of new soybean cultivars with higher levels of expression of partial resistance to P. sojae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1189
Number of pages11
JournalPhytopathology
Volume98
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Soybean root suberin and partial resistance to root rot caused by Phytophthora sojae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this