Sorption, diffusion, and permeation of light olefins in poly(ether block amide) membranes

Li Liu, Amit Chakma, Xianshe Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sorption, diffusion, and permeation of three olefins (i.e., C2 H4, C3 H6, and C4 H8) in poly(ether block amide) (PEBA 2533) membranes at different temperatures and pressures were investigated. This is pertinent to olefin recovery from resin off gas in polyolefin manufacturing. The relative contribution of solubility and diffusivity to the preferential permeability of olefins over nitrogen was elucidated. It was revealed that the favorable olefin/nitrogen permselectivity was primarily attributed to the solubility selectivity, whereas the diffusivity selectivity may affect the permselectivity negatively or positively, depending on the operating temperature and pressure. The olefin permeability is in the order of C4 H8 > C3 H6 > C2 H4, the same order as their solubility in the membrane. In general, a low temperature favors both the permeability and selectivity. With an increase in pressure and/or a decrease in temperature, the sorption uptake of the olefin in the membrane increases progressively, and the diffusivity and hence the permeability are also enhanced because of the increased membrane plasticization/swelling caused by the penetrant sorbed in the membrane. At a given temperature, the pressure dependence of solubility and permeability could be described empirically by an exponential function. The limiting solubility at infinite dilution was correlated with the reduced temperature, and the hypothetical diffusivity at zero pressure was related to temperature by the Arrhenius equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6142-6153
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume61
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

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