Solubility of p-t-butylcalixarenes in supercritical carbon dioxide: a comparison of static and dynamic measurement techniques

Brendan Graham, A.F. Lagalante, T.J. Bruno, J.M. Harrowfield, R.D. Trengove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The solubilities of p-t-butylcalix[n]arenes (n = 4,6,8) and calix[4]arene have been measured in supercritical carbon dioxide. Solubility measurements were conducted in a high pressure cell with in situ spectrophotometric detection. Measurements were taken over the ranges of 10 to 20 MPa and 40 to 60 degrees C. The p-t-butylcalix[il]arene showed solubility approximately 10 fold higher than both p-t-butylcalix[6]arene and p-t-butylcalix[8]arene with a maximum measured solubility over the studied pressure and temperature ranges of 1.84 x 10(-5) mol/l. A comparison of these results with measurements made with a commercially available analytical SFE unit for p-t-butylcalix[4]arene showed less than 10% deviation between the two sets of data over a common range of conditions. The SFE unit allows measurements to be made over significantly wider ranges of pressure and temperature than are currently available using the solubility cell. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-838
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume150/151
Issue numberN/A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Carbon Dioxide
carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide
solubility
Solubility
cells
deviation
Temperature
temperature

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Graham, Brendan ; Lagalante, A.F. ; Bruno, T.J. ; Harrowfield, J.M. ; Trengove, R.D. / Solubility of p-t-butylcalixarenes in supercritical carbon dioxide: a comparison of static and dynamic measurement techniques. In: Fluid Phase Equilibria. 1998 ; Vol. 150/151, No. N/A. pp. 829-838.
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abstract = "The solubilities of p-t-butylcalix[n]arenes (n = 4,6,8) and calix[4]arene have been measured in supercritical carbon dioxide. Solubility measurements were conducted in a high pressure cell with in situ spectrophotometric detection. Measurements were taken over the ranges of 10 to 20 MPa and 40 to 60 degrees C. The p-t-butylcalix[il]arene showed solubility approximately 10 fold higher than both p-t-butylcalix[6]arene and p-t-butylcalix[8]arene with a maximum measured solubility over the studied pressure and temperature ranges of 1.84 x 10(-5) mol/l. A comparison of these results with measurements made with a commercially available analytical SFE unit for p-t-butylcalix[4]arene showed less than 10{\%} deviation between the two sets of data over a common range of conditions. The SFE unit allows measurements to be made over significantly wider ranges of pressure and temperature than are currently available using the solubility cell. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.",
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Solubility of p-t-butylcalixarenes in supercritical carbon dioxide: a comparison of static and dynamic measurement techniques. / Graham, Brendan; Lagalante, A.F.; Bruno, T.J.; Harrowfield, J.M.; Trengove, R.D.

In: Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 150/151, No. N/A, 1998, p. 829-838.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Solubility of p-t-butylcalixarenes in supercritical carbon dioxide: a comparison of static and dynamic measurement techniques

AU - Graham, Brendan

AU - Lagalante, A.F.

AU - Bruno, T.J.

AU - Harrowfield, J.M.

AU - Trengove, R.D.

PY - 1998

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N2 - The solubilities of p-t-butylcalix[n]arenes (n = 4,6,8) and calix[4]arene have been measured in supercritical carbon dioxide. Solubility measurements were conducted in a high pressure cell with in situ spectrophotometric detection. Measurements were taken over the ranges of 10 to 20 MPa and 40 to 60 degrees C. The p-t-butylcalix[il]arene showed solubility approximately 10 fold higher than both p-t-butylcalix[6]arene and p-t-butylcalix[8]arene with a maximum measured solubility over the studied pressure and temperature ranges of 1.84 x 10(-5) mol/l. A comparison of these results with measurements made with a commercially available analytical SFE unit for p-t-butylcalix[4]arene showed less than 10% deviation between the two sets of data over a common range of conditions. The SFE unit allows measurements to be made over significantly wider ranges of pressure and temperature than are currently available using the solubility cell. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - The solubilities of p-t-butylcalix[n]arenes (n = 4,6,8) and calix[4]arene have been measured in supercritical carbon dioxide. Solubility measurements were conducted in a high pressure cell with in situ spectrophotometric detection. Measurements were taken over the ranges of 10 to 20 MPa and 40 to 60 degrees C. The p-t-butylcalix[il]arene showed solubility approximately 10 fold higher than both p-t-butylcalix[6]arene and p-t-butylcalix[8]arene with a maximum measured solubility over the studied pressure and temperature ranges of 1.84 x 10(-5) mol/l. A comparison of these results with measurements made with a commercially available analytical SFE unit for p-t-butylcalix[4]arene showed less than 10% deviation between the two sets of data over a common range of conditions. The SFE unit allows measurements to be made over significantly wider ranges of pressure and temperature than are currently available using the solubility cell. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

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