This research examines the socio-economic impact of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) on rural livelihoods of Mozambique. The specific goals are to describe and understand the role of pigeonpea in the farming system of Gurue; analyse pigeonpea production with a focus on the five assets of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework; and generate recommendations of livelihood strategies that are not being adopted in the portfolio of activities that involve pigeonpea, based on an extensive literature review. A case study was done in the Gurue district in Mozambique, particularly in Posto Administrativo de Lioma. A survey was conducted of 200 farmer households in four villages, namely, Lioma-sede, Magige, Nintulo and Tetete. Moreover, community meetings were held and observations were made to verify the collected information obtained. The analysis was done using STATA 10.0 in which logit and tobit regression models were developed. The results are divided into two parts, descriptive and analytical. The first part indicates that pigeonpea is grown mainly with two goals, consumption and commercialization. Furthermore, there are other benefits which are recognized by farmers, such as soil fertility enhancement, yield increase of the crop subsequent to pigeonpea, nutrient source and reduction in input costs. In comparison, the second part highlights that pigeonpea has limited impact on the farmers’ livelihoods. The crop has a significant impact on natural, physical and financial capitals, although human and social capitals are not affected. It is concluded that pigeonpea is a multi-purpose crop in rural livelihoods, specifically in dealing with poverty related problems, such as HIV/AIDS impact and food insecurity. Additionally, it also has potential for improving livelihoods of rural people and long-term enhancement of competitiveness of Mozambican pigeonpea in international markets. Therefore, it should be promoted as a major legume crop in the country.
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2011|