Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies)

Luba Kalaydjieva, B. Morar, D. Gresham, P. A. Underhill, G. Passarino, A. A. Lin, C. Wise, D. Angelicheva, F. Calaféll, P. J. Oefher, P. Shen, I. Tournev, R. De Pablo, V. Kučinskas, A. Perez-Lezaun, E. Marushiakova, V. Popov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data provided by the social sciences and genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations is complex and still to be addressed in genetic studies. Recent research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations, The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that Medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this under-privileged and forgotten people of Europe. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programmes and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalActa Myologica
Volume20
Issue numberDEC.
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Roma
Demography
Cultural Anthropology
Population
Genetic Research
Mutation
Social Sciences
Medical Genetics
Epidemiology
Public Health
Health
Research
Genes

Cite this

Kalaydjieva, L., Morar, B., Gresham, D., Underhill, P. A., Passarino, G., Lin, A. A., ... Popov, V. (2001). Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies). Acta Myologica, 20(DEC.), 181-187.
Kalaydjieva, Luba ; Morar, B. ; Gresham, D. ; Underhill, P. A. ; Passarino, G. ; Lin, A. A. ; Wise, C. ; Angelicheva, D. ; Calaféll, F. ; Oefher, P. J. ; Shen, P. ; Tournev, I. ; De Pablo, R. ; Kučinskas, V. ; Perez-Lezaun, A. ; Marushiakova, E. ; Popov, V. / Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies). In: Acta Myologica. 2001 ; Vol. 20, No. DEC. pp. 181-187.
@article{8c948c7129714c63ac1e2b791c342612,
title = "Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies)",
abstract = "Data provided by the social sciences and genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations is complex and still to be addressed in genetic studies. Recent research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations, The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that Medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this under-privileged and forgotten people of Europe. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programmes and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.",
keywords = "Genetic disorders, Gypsies, Population genetics, Social history",
author = "Luba Kalaydjieva and B. Morar and D. Gresham and Underhill, {P. A.} and G. Passarino and Lin, {A. A.} and C. Wise and D. Angelicheva and F. Calaf{\'e}ll and Oefher, {P. J.} and P. Shen and I. Tournev and {De Pablo}, R. and V. Kučinskas and A. Perez-Lezaun and E. Marushiakova and V. Popov",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "181--187",
journal = "Acta Myologica: myopathies and cardiomyopathies",
issn = "1128-2460",
publisher = "Gaetano Conte Academy",
number = "DEC.",

}

Kalaydjieva, L, Morar, B, Gresham, D, Underhill, PA, Passarino, G, Lin, AA, Wise, C, Angelicheva, D, Calaféll, F, Oefher, PJ, Shen, P, Tournev, I, De Pablo, R, Kučinskas, V, Perez-Lezaun, A, Marushiakova, E & Popov, V 2001, 'Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies)' Acta Myologica, vol. 20, no. DEC., pp. 181-187.

Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies). / Kalaydjieva, Luba; Morar, B.; Gresham, D.; Underhill, P. A.; Passarino, G.; Lin, A. A.; Wise, C.; Angelicheva, D.; Calaféll, F.; Oefher, P. J.; Shen, P.; Tournev, I.; De Pablo, R.; Kučinskas, V.; Perez-Lezaun, A.; Marushiakova, E.; Popov, V.

In: Acta Myologica, Vol. 20, No. DEC., 2001, p. 181-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies)

AU - Kalaydjieva, Luba

AU - Morar, B.

AU - Gresham, D.

AU - Underhill, P. A.

AU - Passarino, G.

AU - Lin, A. A.

AU - Wise, C.

AU - Angelicheva, D.

AU - Calaféll, F.

AU - Oefher, P. J.

AU - Shen, P.

AU - Tournev, I.

AU - De Pablo, R.

AU - Kučinskas, V.

AU - Perez-Lezaun, A.

AU - Marushiakova, E.

AU - Popov, V.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Data provided by the social sciences and genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations is complex and still to be addressed in genetic studies. Recent research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations, The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that Medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this under-privileged and forgotten people of Europe. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programmes and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.

AB - Data provided by the social sciences and genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations is complex and still to be addressed in genetic studies. Recent research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations, The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that Medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this under-privileged and forgotten people of Europe. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programmes and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.

KW - Genetic disorders

KW - Gypsies

KW - Population genetics

KW - Social history

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035720762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 181

EP - 187

JO - Acta Myologica: myopathies and cardiomyopathies

JF - Acta Myologica: myopathies and cardiomyopathies

SN - 1128-2460

IS - DEC.

ER -

Kalaydjieva L, Morar B, Gresham D, Underhill PA, Passarino G, Lin AA et al. Social and biological history of the Roma (Gipsies). Acta Myologica. 2001;20(DEC.):181-187.