SMOaaS: a Scalable Matrix Operation as a Service model in Cloud

Kc Ujjwal, Sudheer Kumar Battula, Saurabh Garg, Ranesh Kumar Naha, Md Anwarul Kaium Patwary, Alexander Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Matrix operations are fundamental to a wide range of scientific applications such as Graph Theory, Linear Equation System, Image Processing, Geometric Optics, and Probability Analysis. As the workload in these applications has increased, the sizes of matrices involved have also significantly increased. Parallel execution of matrix operations in existing cluster-based systems performs effectively for relatively small matrices but significantly suffers as matrices become larger due to limited resources. Cloud Computing offers scalable resources to handle this limitation; however, the benefits of having access to almost-infinite scalable resources in the Cloud also come with challenges of ensuring time and resource-efficient matrix operations. To the best of our knowledge, there is no specific Cloud service that optimizes the efficiency of matrix operations on Cloud infrastructure. To address this gap and offer convenient service of matrix operations, the paper proposes a novel scalable service framework called Scalable Matrix Operation as a Service. Our framework uses Dynamic Matrix Partition techniques, based on matrix operation and sizes, to achieve efficient work distribution, and scales based on demand to achieve time and resource-efficient operations. The framework also embraces the basic features of security, fault tolerance, and reliability. Experimental results show that the adopted dynamic partitioning technique ensures faster and better performance when compared to the existing static partitioning technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3381-3401
Number of pages21
JournalThe Journal of Supercomputing
Issue number4
Early online date18 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


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