The parallel-disk viscometer is a widely used instrument for measuring the rheological properties of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. The torque-rotational speed data from the viscometer are converted into viscosity and other rheological properties of the fluid under test. The classical no-slip boundary condition is usually assumed at the disk-fluid interface. This leads to a simple azimuthal flow in the disk gap with the azimuthal velocity linearly varying in the radial and normal directions of the disk surfaces. For some complex fluids, the no-slip boundary condition may not be valid. The present investigation considers the flow field when the fluid under test exhibits wall slip. The equation for slow steady azimuthal flow of Newtonian fluids in parallel-disk viscometer in the presence of wall slip is solved by the method of separation of variables. Both linear and nonlinear slip functions are considered. The solution takes the form of a Bessel series. It shows that, in general, as a result of wall slip the azimuthal velocity no longer linearly varies in the radial direction. However, under conditions pertinent to parallel-disk viscometry, it approximately remains linear in the normal direction. The implications of these observations on the processing of parallel-disk viscometry data are discussed. They indicate that the method of Yoshimura and Prud'homme (1988, "Wall Slip Corrections for Couette and Parallel-Disk Viscometers," J. Rheol., 32(1), pp. 53-67) for the determination of the wall slip function remains valid but the simple and popular procedure for converting the measured torque into rim shear stress is likely to incur significant error as a result of the nonlinearity in the radial direction.
|Pages (from-to)||041001-1 to 041001-7|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
Yeow, Y. L., Leong, Y-K., & Khan, A. (2008). Slow Steady Viscous Flow of Newtonian Fluids in Parallel-Disk Viscometer With Wall Slip. JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 75(4), 041001-1 to 041001-7. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2910901