Sleep duration and its association with demographics, lifestyle factors, poor mental health and chronic diseases in older Chinese adults

Shibin Wang, Yanhua Wu, Gabor S. Ungvari, Chee H. Ng, Brent P. Forester, Jennifer R. Gatchel, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Bo Li, Yu-Tao Xiang

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    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study investigated the total sleep time (TST) and its associated factors in an older Chinese adult population. Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4,115 older adults aged 60 to 79 years were selected and interviewed. Sleep duration was classified as short ( 8 h per day) and medium sleep (7-8 h per day). The total mean sleep time was 6.86±1.75 h. Short and long sleepers accounted for 45.2% and 14.8% of the sample, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that inadequate fruit intake and poor mental health were positively associated with short sleep, and married/cohabitation status and living in rural areas was negatively associated with short sleep. In addition, aged 75-79 years old, inadequate fruit intake, poor mental health and multi-morbidity were positively associated with long sleep. Ischemic heart disease, COPD and chronic gastroenteritis/peptic ulcer were positively associated with short sleep duration, while hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cerebrovascular diseases, and urolithiasis were positively associated with long sleep duration. Given the high frequency of aberrant sleep duration and its negative health impact, health professionals should pay more attention to sleep patterns in older people.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)212-218
    Number of pages7
    JournalPsychiatry Research
    Volume257
    Early online date19 Jul 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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    Wang, S., Wu, Y., Ungvari, G. S., Ng, C. H., Forester, B. P., Gatchel, J. R., Chiu, H. F. K., Kou, C., Fu, Y., Qi, Y., Yu, Y., Li, B., & Xiang, Y-T. (2017). Sleep duration and its association with demographics, lifestyle factors, poor mental health and chronic diseases in older Chinese adults. Psychiatry Research, 257, 212-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.07.036