Six-month outcomes from living well with diabetes: A randomized trial of a telephone-delivered weight loss and physical activity intervention to improve glycemic control

Elizabeth G. Eakin, Marina M. Reeves, E.A.H. Winkler, Genevieve N. Healy, D. W. Dunstan, N. Owen, A. M. Marshal, K. C. Wilkie

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Intensive lifestyle intervention trials in type 2 diabetes contribute evidence on what can be achieved under optimal conditions, but are less informative for translation in applied settings. Purpose: Living Well with Diabetes is a telephone-delivered weight loss intervention designed for real-world delivery. Methods: This study is a randomized controlled trial of telephone counseling (n = 151) versus usual care (n = 151); 6-month primary outcomes of weight, physical activity, HbA1c; secondary diet outcomes; analysis was by adjusted generalized linear models. Results: Relative to usual care, telephone counseling participants had small but significantly better weight loss [-1.12 % of initial body weight; 95 % confidence interval (CI) -1.92, -0.33 %]; physical activity [relative rate (RR) = 1.30; 95 % CI, 1.08, 1.57]; energy intake reduction (-0.63 MJ/day; 95 % CI, -1.01, -0.25); and diet quality (3.72 points; 95 % CI, 1.77, 5.68), with no intervention effect for HbA1c (RR = 0.99; 95 % CI, 0.96, 1.01). Conclusions: Results are discussed in light of challenges to intervention delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-203
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2013


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