CO2 injection into coal seams is a non-isothermal process, which has significant impact on coal permeability but has not been well studied. In this paper, a non-isothermal model coupled with nonlinear gas flow and matrix deformation was developed. The effects of temperature change on each term of the effective strain during the CO2 injection scenarios, as well as the variations of fluid properties over a range of sub-and supercritical-thermodynamic conditions were investigated. This model involves the balance of thermal energy and the law of heat transfer. Two non-isothermal cases of CO2 injection were studied and compared with the isothermal case. The results show that CO2 injection into coal seams reduces coal permeability for all three cases. The coal matrix expands with temperature increase due to the thermal expansion and shrinks due to the decrease in adsorption amount. However, the final permeability with low-temperature CO2 injection remains lower than that with high-temperature gas injection since the effect of sorption-induced strain on permeability outweighs that of the thermal deformation. The increase in temperature leads to the reduction in coal swelling (with the decrease of CO2 adsorption capacity), resulting in larger cleat aperture and higher coal permeability for the cases studied in this work.
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|