Simplified BNWF model for nonlinear seismic response analysis of offshore piles with nonlinear input ground motion analysis

M. Hesham El Naggar, M.A. Shayanfar, Mehrdad Kimiaei, A.A. Aghakouchak

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    54 Citations (Scopus)


    The seismic response of pile-supported offshore structures is strongly affected by the nonlinear behavior of the supporting piles. Nonlinear response of the pile foundation is the most important source of potential nonlinearity in the dynamic response of offshore platforms to earthquake excitations. It is often necessary to perform a dynamic analysis of offshore platforms that accounts for soil nonlinearity, discontinuity conditions at pile-soil interfaces, energy dissipation through soil radiation damping, and structural nonlinear behaviors of piles. In this paper, an attempt is made to develop an inexpensive and practical procedure, compatible with readily available structural analysis software, for estimating the lateral response of flexible piles embedded in layered soil deposits subjected to seismic loading. In the proposed model a beam on nonlinear Winkler foundation (BNWF) approach, consisting of simple nonlinear springs, dashpots, and contact elements, is used. This model was incorporated into a finite element program, ANSYS, which was used to compute the response of laterally excited piles. A nonlinear approach was used for seismic free-field ground motion analysis. The computed responses compared well with the centrifuge test results. This paper deals with the effects of free-field ground motion analysis on nonlinear seismic behavior of embedded piles. Different parts of a BNWF model, together with quantitative and qualitative findings and conclusions for dynamic nonlinear response of offshore piles, are discussed and addressed in detail.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-380
    JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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