Video summarization (VS) is generally formulated as a subset selection problem where a set of representative keyframes or key segments is selected from an entire video frame set. Though many sparse subset selection based VS algorithms have been proposed in the past decade, most of them adopt linear sparse formulation in the explicit feature vector space of video frames, and don’t consider the local or global relationships among frames. In this paper, we first extend the conventional sparse subset selection for VS into kernel block sparse subset selection (KBS3) to utilize the advantage of kernel sparse coding and introduce a local inter-frame relationship through packing of frame blocks. Going a step further, we propose a similarity based block sparse subset selection (SB2S3) model by applying a specially designed transformation matrix on the KBS3 model in order to introduce a kind of global inter-frame relationship through the similarity. Finally, a greedy pursuit based algorithm is devised for the proposed NP-hard model optimization. The proposed SB2S3 has the following advantages: 1) through the similarity between each frame and any other frame, the global relationship among all frames can be considered; 2) through block sparse coding, the local relationship of adjacent frames is further considered; and 3) it has a wider application, since features can derive similarity, but not vice versa. It is believed that the effect of modeling such global and local relationships among frames in this paper, is similar to that of modeling the long-range and short-range dependencies among frames in deep learning based methods. Experimental results on three benchmark datasets have demonstrated that the proposed approach is superior to not only other sparse subset selection based VS methods but also most unsupervised deep-learning based VS methods.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 14 Dec 2020|