Integrated quantum photonic applications, providing physically guaranteed communications security, subshot-noise measurement, and tremendous computational power, are nearly within technological reach. Silicon as a technology platform has proven formidable in establishing the micro-electronics revolution, and it might do so again in the quantum technology revolution. Silicon has taken photonics by storm, with its promise of scalable manufacture, integration, and compatibility with CMOS microelectronics. These same properties, and a few others, motivate its use for large-scale quantum optics as well. In this paper, we provide context to the development of quantum optics in silicon. We review the development of the various components that constitute integrated quantum photonic systems, and we identify the challenges that must be faced and their potential solutions for silicon quantum photonics to make quantum technology a reality.
|Journal||IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2016|