Silicon: a beneficial nutrient for maize crop to enhance photochemical efficiency of photosystem II under salt stress

Waqas–ud–Din Khan, Tariq Aziz, Imran Hussain, Pia Muhammad Adnan Ramzani, Thomas G. Reichenauer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Soil salinity imposes an unprecedented risk to the soil fertility and availability of plant nutrients. The present proposal is designed to address the effect of salt stress on photosynthetic apparatus of maize including chlorophyll a fluorescence and how silicon nutrition helps to overcome this issue. In a sand culture experiment, two maize cultivars were sown in small pots with two levels of silicon (0 and 2 mM H2SiO3) and two levels of salinity stress (0 and 60 mM NaCl). Salinity stress reduced dry matter yield and potassium (K) concentration in both maize cultivars and also induced inefficient working of photosynthetic apparatus including photochemical efficiency of photosystem II. Silicon addition alleviated NaCl stress on maize crop by improving the dry matter yield and water use efficiency (WUE). It decreased shoot Na concentration by increasing root and shoot K concentration of maize plants. It enhanced maximum quantum yield of primary photochemistry which leads to smooth electron transport chain. It also significantly enhanced shoot silicon concentration and has a significant positive correlation with WUE. Therefore, silicon-treated maize plants have better chance to survive under salt stress conditions as their photosynthetic apparatus is working far better than non-silicon-treated plants.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)599-611
    Number of pages13
    JournalArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
    Volume63
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2017

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Silicon: a beneficial nutrient for maize crop to enhance photochemical efficiency of photosystem II under salt stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this