Short-term supplementation with maize increases ovulation rate in goats when dietary metabolizable energy provides requirements for both maintenance and 1.5 times maintenance

Daniel M. Nogueira, Ahmad Eshtaeba, John Cavalieri, Lee A. Fitzpatrick, Bruce Gummow, Dominique Blache, Anthony J. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate ovarian follicular dynamics in goats submitted to synchronization of estrus and supplemented with diets that differed in the metabolizable energy source and amount of energy. The experiment was carried out using 42 does allocated into three treatments, fed for 9 days with a ration providing 1.0 times maintenance containing maize (1 MM, n = 14) or without maize (1 M, n = 14) or a ration providing 1.5 times maintenance containing maize (1.5 MM, n = 14). Estrus was synchronized with two injections of cloprostenol given 7 days apart. Does were also treated with intravaginal progesterone inserts and eCG. The number of ovulations and size of the follicles were measured using ultrasonography on Days 10, 11, and 12 after the start of the dietary treatment. The interval to estrus and duration of estrus did not differ between treatments (P = 0.382). Does fed with 1 and 1.5 MM had a similar number of ovulations but a greater number of ovulations than goats fed with 1 M (P = 0.028). The mean number of small, medium, large, and total number of follicles on Days 10 to 12 of ultrasound evaluations did not differ (P = 0.204) between treatments, but mean numbers changed over time (P < 0.001). The mean frequency and amplitude of LH pulses and concentrations of glucose, insulin, leptin, and insulin growth factor-1 in plasma were not significantly affected (P > 0.258) by any of the treatments. In summary, the inclusion of maize in the ration can stimulate ovulation rate at maintenance level. Similar results between groups fed diets that included maize and provided metabolizable energy at 1.0 and 1.5 maintenance demonstrate that to increase the ovulation rate when synchronizing estrous cycles in does, dietary supplementation with maize can be restricted to provide a maintenance level of metabolizable energy only, which would reduce dietary costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalTheriogenology
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

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