We investigated the seismic shear wave velocity structure of the upper crust beneath the Bandung area in West Java, Indonesia, using ambient seismic noise tomography. We installed 60 seismographs to record ambient seismic noise continuously in the city of Bandung and its surrounding area for 8 months. After interstation cross-correlation of recordings of ambient seismic noise, we obtained empirical Green's functions for Rayleigh waves. Group velocity dispersion curves for Rayleigh waves between periods of 1 and 8 s were measured on each interstation path by applying the multiple filter analysis method with phase-matched processing. The spatial variation of group velocities shows a good correlation with the geological structure of the Bandung Basin. The Rayleigh wave dispersion maps were inverted to obtain the 1-D shear wave velocity profiles beneath each station, which were interpolated to infer a pseudo-3-D structure under the study region. The results show that the Bandung Basin has a thick layer of sediment. Along the northern, eastern and southern mountains surrounding the Bandung Basin there is high-velocity structure, except to the west of the Tangkuban Parahu volcano, where a massive low-velocity structure extending throughout the upper crust might indicate the presence of fluids or partial melts.