Shear-band formation in sandstone

J. Sulem, A. Ord, I. Vardoulakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental results from biaxial (plane-strain) deformation of a sandstone demonstrate formation of a shear-band within the hardening regime. Evaluation of the plastic hardening modulus at initiation of the shear-band is made on the basis of the measured stress-strain data and is compared with the results of a bifurcation analysis. This modulus is greater than the critical hardening modulus derived from a Mohr-Coulomb type yield criterion as well as greater than that derived from a Drucker-Prager type yield criterion. A coupled flow/damage theory for friction and dilatant materials is therefore investigated for description of this behaviour. The model predicts a slight increase with increasing confining pressure of the angle that the shear band makes with the maximum principal axis of compressive stress. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1731-1735
Number of pages5
JournalComputer methods and advances in geomechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


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