Shark-diving tourism as a financing mechanism for shark conservation strategies in Malaysia

Gabriel M.S. Vianna, Mark G. Meekan, Abbie A. Rogers, Marit E. Kragt, James M. Alin, Johanna S. Zimmerhackel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

This study estimated the economic value of the shark-diving industry in Semporna, the most popular diving destination of Malaysia, by surveying the expenditures of diving tourists and dive operators through the region. A willingness-to-pay survey was also used to estimate the potential of the industry as a financing mechanism for enforcement and management of a hypothetical Marine Protected Area (MPA) to conserve shark populations. The study showed that in 2012, shark-diving tourism provided direct revenues in excess of USD 9.8 million to the Semporna region. These economic benefits had a flow-on effect, generating more than USD 2 million in direct taxes to the government and USD 1.4 million in salaries to the community. A contingent valuation analysis indicated that implementation of a fee paid by divers could generate over USD 2 million for management and enforcement of the MPA each year. These findings suggest that shark diving is an important contributor to the economy of the Semporna region that could be used as a mechanism to assist financial resourcing for management and conservation strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Policy
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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tourism
diving
shark
sharks
funding
Malaysia
conservation
Tourism
direct taxes
management
conservation areas
industry
economic value
willingness to pay
protected area
salary
fee
contingent valuation
finance
operator regions

Cite this

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title = "Shark-diving tourism as a financing mechanism for shark conservation strategies in Malaysia",
abstract = "This study estimated the economic value of the shark-diving industry in Semporna, the most popular diving destination of Malaysia, by surveying the expenditures of diving tourists and dive operators through the region. A willingness-to-pay survey was also used to estimate the potential of the industry as a financing mechanism for enforcement and management of a hypothetical Marine Protected Area (MPA) to conserve shark populations. The study showed that in 2012, shark-diving tourism provided direct revenues in excess of USD 9.8 million to the Semporna region. These economic benefits had a flow-on effect, generating more than USD 2 million in direct taxes to the government and USD 1.4 million in salaries to the community. A contingent valuation analysis indicated that implementation of a fee paid by divers could generate over USD 2 million for management and enforcement of the MPA each year. These findings suggest that shark diving is an important contributor to the economy of the Semporna region that could be used as a mechanism to assist financial resourcing for management and conservation strategies.",
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Shark-diving tourism as a financing mechanism for shark conservation strategies in Malaysia. / Vianna, Gabriel M.S.; Meekan, Mark G.; Rogers, Abbie A.; Kragt, Marit E.; Alin, James M.; Zimmerhackel, Johanna S.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 94, 01.08.2018, p. 220-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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