SHαDE: Survey description and mass–kinematics scaling relations for dwarf galaxies

Dilyar Barat, Francesco D’Eugenio, Matthew Colless, Sarah M. Sweet, Brent Groves, Luca Cortese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Study of H α from Dwarf Emissions (SHαDE) is a high spectral resolution (R = 13 500) H α integral field survey of 69 dwarf galaxies with stellar masses 106 < M* < 109 M. The survey used FLAMES on the ESO Very Large Telescope. SHαDE is designed to study the kinematics and stellar populations of dwarf galaxies using consistent methods applied to massive galaxies and at matching level of detail, connecting these mass ranges in an unbiased way. In this paper, we set out the science goals of SHαDE, describe the sample properties, outline the data reduction, and analysis processes. We investigate the log M*–log S0.5 mass–kinematics scaling relation, which has previously shown potential for combining galaxies of all morphologies in a single scaling relation. We extend the scaling relation from massive galaxies to dwarf galaxies, demonstrating this relation is linear down to a stellar mass of M* ∼ 108.6 M. Below this limit, the kinematics of galaxies inside one effective radius appears to be dominated by the internal velocity dispersion limit of the H α-emitting gas, giving a bend in the log M*–log S0.5 relation. Replacing stellar mass with total baryonic mass using gas mass estimate reduces the severity but does not remove the linearity limit of the scaling relation. An extrapolation to estimate the galaxies’ dark matter halo masses, yields a log Mh–log S0.5 scaling relation that is free of any bend, has reduced curvature over the whole mass range, and brings galaxies of all masses and morphologies on to the virial relation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5885-5903
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume498
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

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