Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factor responses to resistance and endurance training in younger subjects

Hannah J. Thomas, Channa E. Marsh, Leanne Lester, Barbara A. Maslen, Louise H. Naylor, Daniel J. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

This study compared differences in cardiovascular (CV) risk factor responses between males and females following endurance (END) and resistance (RES) training. We present the frequency of responders to each training modality and the magnitude of response. Using a randomized crossover design, 68 healthy adults [age: female (F): 24.5 ± 4.6; male (M): 27.3 ± 6.6] completed 3 mo of RES and END, with 3 mo washout. Peak oxygen consumption (V O2peak), strength, body composition, blood pressure, glucose, insulin, and lipids were measured. V O2peak (L/min) significantly increased in both sexes following END, but not RES. The magnitude of change was larger in males (F: 0.20 L/min; M: 0.32 L/min), although this did not achieve statistical significance (P = 0.051). Strength significantly increased in both sexes following RES (P < 0.01), with a larger increase in males (Leg press: F: 39 kg; M: 63 kg; P < 0.05). Lean mass significantly increased in both sexes (P < 0.01) following RES and fat mass decreased in females following END (P = 0.019). The change in C-reactive protein following END was significantly different between sexes (F: -0.4 mg/L; M: 0.5 mg/L; P = 0.035). There were no differences between sexes in the proportion of individuals who responded positively to any variable following RES or END; differences between sexes were due to the magnitude of change. Males had a larger increase in V O2peak following END and strength following RES. There were no sex differences in other CV risk factors. This suggests differences in physiological responses to strength and V O2peak may not translate to changes in CV risk in healthy subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H67-H78
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume324
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factor responses to resistance and endurance training in younger subjects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this