Sequencing of DICER1 in sarcomas identifies biallelic somatic DICER1 mutations in an adult-onset embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma

Leanne De Kock, Barbara Rivera, Timothée Revil, Paul Thorner, Catherine Goudie, Dorothée Bouron-Dal Soglio, Catherine S. Choong, John R. Priest, Paul J. Van Diest, Jantima Tanboon, Anja Wagner, Jiannis Ragoussis, Peter F.M. Choong, William D. Foulkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:Sarcomas are rare and heterogeneous cancers. We assessed the contribution of DICER1 mutations to sarcoma development.Methods:The coding region of DICER1 was sequenced in 67 sarcomas using a custom Fluidigm Access Array. The RNase III domains were Sanger sequenced in six additional sarcomas to identify hotspot DICER1 variants.Results:The median age of sarcoma diagnosis was 45.7 years (range: 3 months to 87.4 years). A recurrent embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the broad ligament, first diagnosed at age 23 years, harboured biallelic pathogenic somatic DICER1 variants (1 truncating and 1 RNase IIIb missense). We identified nine other DICER1 variants. One somatic variant (p.L1070V) identified in a pleomorphic sarcoma and one germline variant (c.2257-7A>G) may be pathogenic, but the others are considered to be benign.Conclusions:We show that deleterious DICER1 mutations underlie the genetic basis of only a small fraction of sarcomas, in particular ERMS of the urogenital tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1626
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume116
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2017

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sequencing of DICER1 in sarcomas identifies biallelic somatic DICER1 mutations in an adult-onset embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    De Kock, L., Rivera, B., Revil, T., Thorner, P., Goudie, C., Bouron-Dal Soglio, D., ... Foulkes, W. D. (2017). Sequencing of DICER1 in sarcomas identifies biallelic somatic DICER1 mutations in an adult-onset embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. British Journal of Cancer, 116(12), 1621-1626. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2017.147