Separation of CO2 from gas mixtures with liquid membranes

S. Saha, A. Chakma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional ethanolamine based CO2 removal processes are not energy efficient. Separation by membranes may provide considerable energy savings over conventional processes. Ideally, to be economically competitive, a membrane should not only be highly permeable, it should also have higher selectivity for the component to be separated. However, permeability and selectivity of common polymeric membranes are, in general, inversely related. Mass flux as well as selectivity of permeation can be improved by employing reactive liquid films immobilized on a sheet of microporous filter as a substitute to solid polymeric membranes. Mixtures of various amines such as monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and amino-methyl-propanol (AMP) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were immobilized in a microporous polypropylene film and placed in a permeator. The permeabilities of CO2 and other hydrocarbon gases through the immobilized liquid membrane were measured under low pressure differential and isothermal conditions. The permeation characteristics and trans-membrane flux show favourable separation as compared to the conventional polymeric membrane. Separation factors as high as 145 were obtained. Environmental implications of the results for gas processing industry are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-420
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume33
Issue number5-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes

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