In this paper, we consider an elliptic operator obtained as the superposition of a classical second-order differential operator and a nonlocal operator of fractional type. Though the methods that we develop are quite general, for concreteness we focus on the case in which the operator takes the form -Δ + (-Δ)s, with s ∈ (0, 1). We focus here on symmetry properties of the solutions and we prove a radial symmetry result, based on the moving plane method, and a one-dimensional symmetry result, related to a classical conjecture by G.W. Gibbons.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A: Mathematics|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2020|