Background: This study aimed to evaluate our outcomes and complication rate following placement of self-expanding esophageal stents in children for the management of refractory esophageal strictures and comparing these to the existing literature.
Methods: Outcomes following placement of stents in consecutive patients under 18 years at a single center from 2003 to 2018 were reviewed. A PRISMA-guided systematic review was conducted identifying studies with 5 or more children evaluating self-expanding stents published from 1975 to 2018. Endpoints for both the retrospective and systematic reviews were the requirement for further intervention and stent-associated complications.
Results: 25 patients received 65 stents. There were 12 caustic injury-related strictures (48%), 9 anastomotic strictures (36%), and 4 esophagitis-related strictures (16%). Four patients were lost to follow-up. 19/21 patients (90%) required further intervention, and 8/21 (38%) had esophageal replacement. Nine studies, all case series, were included in the systematic review. 97 patients received 160 stents for esophageal strictures and/or perforation. 36 out of 69 patients (52%) with strictures required no further treatment post-stenting, and 22/29 (76%) of esophageal perforations closed with stenting.
Conclusions: Esophageal stents may have a role as a bridge to definitive surgery and for the management of esophageal leaks, but complete stricture resolution post-stenting is unlikely. Crown Copyright (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2019|
|Event||52nd Annual Meeting of the Pacific-Association-of-Pediatric-Surgeons (PAPS) - Christchurch, New Zealand|
Duration: 10 Mar 2019 → 14 Mar 2019