Self-Employment and Earnings Among Immigrants in Australia

Anh Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This article contributes to the small Australian literature on the earnings of immigrants in the self-employment sector. Earnings functions for both the foreign-born and Australian-born are estimated, and the results show that compared with native-born workers, foreign-born workers have higher earnings in the wage/salary sector but lower earnings in the self-employment sector.Among the foreign-born,the results suggest that self-employed immigrants are less skilled compared with those who are wage/salary employed. Thus, low-skilled immigrants may be forced into self-employment.There is no evidence of immigrant "catch-up" in the self-employment sector. Among wage/salary workers, however, immigrant wages are characterized by a "catch-up" effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-411
JournalInternational Migration
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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