Self-concept consistency and short-term stability in eight cultures

A. Timothy Church, Juan M. Alvarez, Marcia S. Katigbak, Khairul A. Mastor, Helena F. Cabrera, Junko Tanaka-Matsumi, José de Jesús Vargas-Flores, Joselina Ibáñez-Reyes, Heng Sheng Zhang, Jiliang Shen, Kenneth D. Locke, Fernando A. Ortiz, Guy J. Curtis, Jean Yves R. Simon, Charles M. Ching, Amy L. Buchanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Self-concept consistency and short-term stability were investigated in the United States, Australia, Mexico, Venezuela, Philippines, Malaysia, China, and Japan. Evidence for substantial cross-role consistency and reliable within-individual variability in trait self-perceptions were found in each culture. Participants in all cultures exhibited short-term stability in their self-reported traits within roles and moderately stable if-then patterns of trait self-perceptions. Cultural differences, which primarily involved Japan, were partially accounted for by cultural differences in dialecticism, but not self-construals or cultural tightness. In all cultures, satisfaction of needs in various roles partially accounted for within-individual variability in self-reported traits. The results provide support for integrating trait and cultural psychology perspectives, as well as structure and process approaches, in the study of self-concepts across cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-570
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


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