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Hypothesis: Popular deep eutectic solvents (DESs) typically lack amphiphilic molecules and ions and therefore do not have the useful self-assembled nanostructures prevalent in many ionic liquids. We hypothesise that nanostructure in DESs can be induced via an amphiphilic hydrogen bond donor (HBD), and that nanostructure becomes better defined with HBD chain length. Experiments: The structure of DESs formed from choline chloride mixed with either butyric acid (ChCl/BuOOH) or hexanoic acid (ChCl/HeOOH) in a 1:4 M ratio were studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging, force curves, and friction measurements combined with bulk rheology. Findings: DESs formed with both the C4 and C6 acids are nanostructured. As the length of the acid group is increased from C4 to C6, AFM images reveal the nanostructure becomes larger and better defined due to the longer acid chain, and AFM force curves show the interfacial nanostructure extends further from the surface. Self-assembled nanostructure in these systems is a consequence of choline cations, chloride anions, and acid alcohol groups clustering together due to electrostatic attractions and hydrogen bonding to form polar domains. Acid alkyl chains are solvophobically excluded from the polar domains and aggregate into apolar domains. © 2022
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Colloid and Interface Science|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jun 2022|
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Nanostructured Ionic-Molecular Hybrid Liquids
Warr, G., Atkin, R., Perkin, S. & Edlar, K.
1/01/20 → 31/12/23