Selection of resistance breaking strains of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus

L. J. Latham, R. A.C. Jones

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In glasshouse tests, sap from plants infected with 15 different isolates of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) from three Australian states was inoculated to nine genotypes of tomato carrying TSWV resistance gene Sw-5 or one of its alleles. A further two resistant tomato genotypes were inoculated with four isolates each. The normal response in resistant genotypes was development of necrotic local lesions in inoculated leaves without systemic invasion, but 22/752 plants also developed systemic reactions in addition to local hypersensitive ones. Using cultures from two of these systemically infected plants and following four cycles of subculture in TSWV resistant tomato plants, two isolates were obtained that gave susceptible type systemic reactions but no necrotic spots in inoculated leaves of resistant tomatoes. When these two isolates, Da(WA)-1d and TO(TAS)-1d, were maintained by repeated subculture for 10 successive cycles in Nicotiana glutinosa or a susceptible tomato genotype, they still induced susceptible type systemic reactions when inoculated to resistant tomato plants. They were therefore stable resistance breaking isolates as regards overcoming gene Sw-5. When resistance-breaking isolate Da(WA)-1d multiplied together with original isolate Da(WA)-1 in susceptible tomato, it was fully competitive with the original isolate. However, when Da(WA)-1d and TO(TAS)-1d were inoculated to TSWV resistant Lycopersicon peruvianum lines PI 128660R and PI 128660S and to TSWV resistant Capsicum chinense lines PI 152225, P1 159236 and AVRDC C00943, they failed to overcome the resistance, producing only necrotic local lesions without systemic infection. Thus, although the ease of selection, stability and competitive ability of resistance breaking isolates of TSWV is cause for concern, L. peruvianum and C. chinense lines are available which are effective against them. The effectiveness of the resistance to TSWV in nine tomato genotypes was examined in a field experiment. Spread was substantial in the susceptible control genotype infecting 42% of plants. Resistance was ineffective in cv. Bronze Rebel, 26% of plants developing infection. In contrast, it held up well in the other eight resistant genotypes with only 1-3 or no plants of each becoming infected. Accumulated numbers of Thrips tabaci, Frankliniella occidentalis and F. schultzei were closely correlated with TSWV spread.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-402
Number of pages18
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes


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