Selection of Inoculant Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter presents procedure for selecting inoculant vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based on an understanding of the criteria essential for their successful use. It is not possible to be prescriptive in this approach. Procedures for selection need to be designed for each situation. All of the techniques that are necessary for characterizing species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and for assessing mycorrhiza formation and functioning are described. Effectiveness, efficiency, efficacy, and effectivity are terms applied to species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are required that can either directly increase plant growth or indirectly increase plant growth by improving soil conditions. Direct benefits are usually related to the enhancement of phosphate uptake into the plant, but in some soils enhanced uptake of zinc, copper and ammonium may also be important. Processes that are important in enhancing phosphate uptake are: hyphal growth in soil outside the zone of depletion of phosphorus around roots; absorption of phosphorus by the hyphae; transport of phosphorus towards the root; and transfer of phosphorus to the root. The chapter also characterizes and compares fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalMethods in Microbiology
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Fungi
Phosphorus
Soil
Growth
Phosphates
Mycorrhizae
Hyphae
Ammonium Compounds
Zinc
Copper

Cite this

@article{fa246e924dcc41c2b6f2acf5fbca1c7e,
title = "Selection of Inoculant Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi",
abstract = "This chapter presents procedure for selecting inoculant vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based on an understanding of the criteria essential for their successful use. It is not possible to be prescriptive in this approach. Procedures for selection need to be designed for each situation. All of the techniques that are necessary for characterizing species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and for assessing mycorrhiza formation and functioning are described. Effectiveness, efficiency, efficacy, and effectivity are terms applied to species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are required that can either directly increase plant growth or indirectly increase plant growth by improving soil conditions. Direct benefits are usually related to the enhancement of phosphate uptake into the plant, but in some soils enhanced uptake of zinc, copper and ammonium may also be important. Processes that are important in enhancing phosphate uptake are: hyphal growth in soil outside the zone of depletion of phosphorus around roots; absorption of phosphorus by the hyphae; transport of phosphorus towards the root; and transfer of phosphorus to the root. The chapter also characterizes and compares fungi.",
author = "Abbott, {L. K.} and Robson, {A. D.} and C. Gazey",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1016/S0580-9517(08)70084-9",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1--21",
journal = "Methods in Microbiology",
issn = "0580-9517",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

Selection of Inoculant Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. / Abbott, L. K.; Robson, A. D.; Gazey, C.

In: Methods in Microbiology, Vol. 24, 1992, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Selection of Inoculant Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi

AU - Abbott, L. K.

AU - Robson, A. D.

AU - Gazey, C.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - This chapter presents procedure for selecting inoculant vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based on an understanding of the criteria essential for their successful use. It is not possible to be prescriptive in this approach. Procedures for selection need to be designed for each situation. All of the techniques that are necessary for characterizing species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and for assessing mycorrhiza formation and functioning are described. Effectiveness, efficiency, efficacy, and effectivity are terms applied to species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are required that can either directly increase plant growth or indirectly increase plant growth by improving soil conditions. Direct benefits are usually related to the enhancement of phosphate uptake into the plant, but in some soils enhanced uptake of zinc, copper and ammonium may also be important. Processes that are important in enhancing phosphate uptake are: hyphal growth in soil outside the zone of depletion of phosphorus around roots; absorption of phosphorus by the hyphae; transport of phosphorus towards the root; and transfer of phosphorus to the root. The chapter also characterizes and compares fungi.

AB - This chapter presents procedure for selecting inoculant vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based on an understanding of the criteria essential for their successful use. It is not possible to be prescriptive in this approach. Procedures for selection need to be designed for each situation. All of the techniques that are necessary for characterizing species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and for assessing mycorrhiza formation and functioning are described. Effectiveness, efficiency, efficacy, and effectivity are terms applied to species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are required that can either directly increase plant growth or indirectly increase plant growth by improving soil conditions. Direct benefits are usually related to the enhancement of phosphate uptake into the plant, but in some soils enhanced uptake of zinc, copper and ammonium may also be important. Processes that are important in enhancing phosphate uptake are: hyphal growth in soil outside the zone of depletion of phosphorus around roots; absorption of phosphorus by the hyphae; transport of phosphorus towards the root; and transfer of phosphorus to the root. The chapter also characterizes and compares fungi.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956846886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0580-9517(08)70084-9

DO - 10.1016/S0580-9517(08)70084-9

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1

EP - 21

JO - Methods in Microbiology

JF - Methods in Microbiology

SN - 0580-9517

ER -