In glasshouse tests, infective sap from plants infected with 17 different isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) from four Australian states was inoculated to three Capsicum chinense accessions (PI 152225, PI 159236 and C00943) carrying single genes that confer hypersensitive resistance to TSWV. The normal response to inoculation was development of necrotic (hypersensitive) local lesions in inoculated leaves without systemic invasion, but 3/1386 infected plants also developed systemic susceptible reactions in addition to hypersensitive ones. Similarly when two isolates were inoculated to C. chinense backcross progeny plants, 1/72 developed systemic susceptible reactions in addition to localised hypersensitive ones. Using cultures from the four plants with susceptible reactions and following three to five further cycles of serial subculture in TSWV-resistant C. chinense plants, four isolates were obtained that gave systemic susceptible type reactions in the three TSWV-resistant accessions, and in TSWV-resistant cultivated pepper (C. annuum). When three of these isolates were inoculated to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) breeding lines with single gene resistance to TSWV, resistance was not overcome. Similarly, none of the four isolates overcame partial resistance to TSWV in Lactuca virosa. When TSWV isolates were inoculated to tomato breeding lines carrying partial resistance from L. chilense, systemic infection developed which was sometimes followed by 'recovery'. After four successive cycles of serial passage in susceptible cultivated pepper of a mixed culture of a resistance-breaking isolate with the non resistance-breaking isolate from which it came, the resistance-breaking isolate remained competitive as both were still found. However, when the same resistance-breaking isolate was cultured alone, evidence of partial reversion to wild-type behaviour was eventually obtained after five but not four cycles of long term serial subculture in susceptible pepper, as by then the culture had become a mixture of both types of strain. This work suggests that resistance-breaking strains of TSWV that overcome single gene hypersensitive resistance in pepper are relatively stable. The findings have important implications for situations where resistant pepper cultivars are deployed widely in the field without taking other control measures as part of an integrated TSWV management strategy.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of Applied Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2003|