Seismic noise characterisation at a potential gravitational wave detector site in Australia

Hamid Satari, Carl Blair, Li Ju, David Blair, Chunnong Zhao, Erdinc Saygin, Patrick Meyers, David Lumley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A critical consideration in the design of next-generation gravitational wave detectors is the understanding of the seismic environment that can introduce coherent and incoherent noise of seismic origin at different frequencies. We present detailed low-frequency ambient seismic noise characterisation (0.1-10 Hz) at the Gingin site in Western Australia. Unlike the microseism band (0.06-1 Hz) for which the power shows strong correlations with nearby buoy measurements in the Indian Ocean, the seismic spectrum above 1 Hz is a complex superposition of wind induced seismic noise and anthropogenic seismic noise which can be characterised using beamforming to distinguish between the effects of coherent and incoherent wind induced seismic noise combined with temporal variations in the spatio-spectral properties of seismic noise. This also helps characterise the anthropogenic seismic noise. We show that wind induced seismic noise can either increase or decrease the coherency of background seismic noise for wind speeds above 6 m s(-1) due to the interaction of wind with various surface objects. In comparison to the seismic noise at the Virgo site, the secondary microseism (0.2 Hz) noise level is higher in Gingin, but the seismic noise level between 1 and 10 Hz is lower due to the sparse population and absence of nearby road traffic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115004
Number of pages19
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Seismic noise characterisation at a potential gravitational wave detector site in Australia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this