Seedbank persistence, germination and early growth of glyphosate-resistant Kochia scoparia

H. J. Beckie, R. E. Blackshaw, J. Y. Leeson, P. W. Stahlman, T. A. Gaines, E. N. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study describes the seedbank persistence of glyphosate-resistant (GR) Kochia scoparia at two sites in western Canada and examines if GRK.scoparia from western Canada and mid-western United States (USA) differ from their susceptible counterparts in seed germination and early growth characteristics at low-temperature regimes. Site or depth of seed burial (surface, 2.5cm, 10cm) did not affect seed viability over time and time to 50% and 90% loss of viability averaged 210 and 232days respectively. Glyphosate-resistant K.scoparia generally germinated later and had lower cumulative germination than glyphosate-susceptible (GS) K.scoparia from Saskatchewan, Canada; and Kansas, USA; but not Colorado, USA. Similarly, time to 10% first leaf of GSK.scoparia from Saskatchewan and Kansas tended to be sooner than that of GRK.scoparia, with a greater percentage of GS vs. GR seedlings of populations from all regions having attained first leaf by the end of the experiment. The short seedbank longevity and delayed and reduced germination and time to first leaf of GRK.scoparia may potentially be exploited to maximise management efficacy through delayed preseeding weed control or alternatively by early seeding date to enhance crop competitiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalWeed Research
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

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