Seed biopriming with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: A review

Ahmad Mahmood, Oğuz Can Turgay, Muhammad Farooq, Rifat Hayat

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

182 Citations (Scopus)


Beneficial microbes are applied to the soil and plant tissues directly or through seed inoculation, whereas soil application is preferred when there is risk of inhibitors or antagonistic microbes on the plant tissues. Insufficient survival of the microorganisms, hindrance in application of fungicides to the seeds and exposure to heat and sunlight in subsequent seed storage in conventional inoculation methods force to explore appropriate and efficient bacterial application method. Seed priming, where seeds are hydrated to activate metabolism without actual germination followed by drying, increases the germination, stand establishment and stress tolerance in different crops. Seed priming with living bacterial inoculum is termed as biopriming that involves the application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. It increases speed and uniformity of germination; also ensures rapid, uniform and high establishment of crops; and hence improves harvest quality and yield. Seed biopriming allows the bacteria to enter/adhere the seeds and also acclimatization of bacteria in the prevalent conditions. This review focuses on methods used for biopriming, and also the role in improving crop productivity and stress tolerance along with prospects of this technology. The comparison of methods being followed is also reviewed proposing biopriming as a promising technique for application of beneficial microbes to the seeds.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFEMS Microbiology Ecology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Seed biopriming with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this