Extreme wave-structure interactions are investigated using second-order diffraction theory. The statistics of surface elevation around a multi-column structure are collected using Monte Carlo-type simulations for severe sea states. Within the footprint of a realistic four-column structure, we find that the presence of the structure can give rise to extreme crest elevations greater than twice those at the same return period in the incident wave field. Much of this extra elevation is associated with the excitation of second-order neartrapped modes. A 'designer' incident wave can be defined at each point around the structure for a given sea state as the average input wave to produce extreme crest elevations at a given return period, and we show that thiswave can be simply vertically scaled to estimate the response at other return periods.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Jan 2015|