Searching for scalar field dark matter using cavity resonators and capacitors

V. V. Flambaum, B. T. McAllister, I. B. Samsonov, M. E. Tobar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We establish new experiments to search for dark matter based on a model of a light scalar field with a dilaton-like coupling to the electromagnetic field, which is strongly motivated by superstring theory. We estimate the power of the photon signal in the process of a nonresonant scalar-photon transition and in a cavity resonator permeated by electric and magnetic fields. We show that existing cavity resonators employed in experiments like ADMX have a low but nonvanishing sensitivity to the scalar-photon coupling. As a result, by repurposing the results of the ADMX experiment, we find new limits on the scalar-photon coupling in the range of the scalar field masses from 2.7 to 4.2 μeV. We discuss possible modifications of this experiment, which enhance the sensitivity to the scalar field dark matter. We also propose a broadband experiment for scalar field dark matter searches based on a high-voltage capacitor. The estimated sensitivity of this experiment exceeds that of the experiment based on molecular spectroscopy by nearly 2 orders of magnitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055037
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume106
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

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