Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) in data from the sixth Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of 10. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering -statistic. We found no evidence of GW signals. We set 95% confidence upper limits as strong (low) as 4 × 10-25 on intrinsic strain, 2 × 10-7 on fiducial ellipticity, and 4 × 10-5 on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume813
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

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LIGO (observatory)
ellipticity
supernova remnants
gravitational waves
neutron stars
interferometer
energy conservation
pulsars
sky
confidence
synchronism
interferometers
observatory
laser
statistics
broadband
predictions
young
prediction

Cite this

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 813, No. 1.
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title = "Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants",
abstract = "We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) in data from the sixth Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of 10. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering -statistic. We found no evidence of GW signals. We set 95{\%} confidence upper limits as strong (low) as 4 × 10-25 on intrinsic strain, 2 × 10-7 on fiducial ellipticity, and 4 × 10-5 on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.",
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author = "{LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and J. Aasi and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and T. Abbott and Abernathy, {M. R.} and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and V. Adya and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and A. Ain and P. Ajith and A. Alemic and B. Allen and A. Allocca and D. Amariutei and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and C. Arceneaux and Areeda, {J. S.} and S. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and Aylott, {B. E.} and S. Babak and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and Barayoga, {J. C.} and M. Barbet and S. Barclay and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and J. Bartlett and Barton, {M. A.} and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and Batch, {J. C.} and Bauer, {Th S.} and C. Baune and V. Bavigadda and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and C. Belczynski and Bell, {A. S.} and C. Bell and M. Benacquista and J. Bergman and G. Bergmann and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and L. Blackburn and Blair, {C. D.} and D. Blair and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and Bodiya, {T. P.} and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and P. Bojtos and C. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and R. Bork and M. Born and V. Boschi and Sukanta Bose and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and Bridges, {D. O.} and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and Brown, {N. M.} and S. Buchman and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and Bustillo, {J. Calder{\'o}n} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and Cannon, {K. C.} and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and C. Cepeda and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and Y. Chen and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and Chow, {J. H.} and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and S. Chua and S. Chung and G. Ciani and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and A. Colla and C. Collette and M. Colombini and L. Cominsky and Jr, {M. Constancio} and A. Conte and D. Cook and Corbitt, {T. R.} and N. Cornish and A. Corsi and Costa, {C. A.} and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and S. Countryman and P. Couvares and Coward, {D. M.} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {D. C.} and R. Coyne and K. Craig and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and J. Cripe and Crowder, {S. G.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and C. Cutler and K. Dahl and {Dal Canton}, T. and M. Damjanic and Danilishin, {S. L.} and S. D'Antonio and K. Danzmann and L. Dartez and V. Dattilo and I. Dave and H. Daveloza and M. Davier and Davies, {G. S.} and Daw, {E. J.} and R. Day and D. Debra and G. Debreczeni and J. Degallaix and {De Laurentis}, M. and S. Del{\'e}glise and {Del Pozzo}, W. and T. Denker and T. Dent and H. Dereli and V. Dergachev and {De Rosa}, R. and Derosa, {R. T.} and R. Desalvo and S. Dhurandhar and M. D{\'i}az and {Di Fiore}, L. and {Di Lieto}, A. and {Di Palma}, I. and {Di Virgilio}, A. and G. Dojcinoski and V. Dolique and E. Dominguez and F. Donovan and Dooley, {K. L.} and S. Doravari and R. Douglas and Downes, {T. P.} and M. Drago and Driggers, {J. C.} and Z. Du and M. Ducrot and S. Dwyer and T. Eberle and T. Edo and M. Edwards and M. Edwards and A. Effler and Eggenstein, {H. B.} and P. Ehrens and J. Eichholz and Eikenberry, {S. S.} and Q. Fang and B. Gendre and Howell, {E. J.} and L. Ju and T. Kaur and Y. Ma and {Van Heijningen}, J. and L. Wen and C. Zhao and Zhu, {X. J.}",
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Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 813, No. 1, 39, 01.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Aasi, J.

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T.

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Adya, V.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Alemic, A.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Amariutei, D.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Arceneaux, C.

AU - Areeda, J. S.

AU - Ast, S.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Aylott, B. E.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Baker, P. T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S. W.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barbet, M.

AU - Barclay, S.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Barton, M. A.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Batch, J. C.

AU - Bauer, Th S.

AU - Baune, C.

AU - Bavigadda, V.

AU - Behnke, B.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Belczynski, C.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Bell, C.

AU - Benacquista, M.

AU - Bergman, J.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhagwat, S.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Biwer, C.

AU - Bizouard, M. A.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Blackburn, L.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Bock, O.

AU - Bodiya, T. P.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bojtos, P.

AU - Bond, C.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonelli, L.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Born, M.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, Sukanta

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Bridges, D. O.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Brown, D. D.

AU - Brown, N. M.

AU - Buchman, S.

AU - Buikema, A.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Bustillo, J. Calderón

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Capano, C. D.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavaglià, M.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chakraborty, R.

AU - Chalermsongsak, T.

AU - Chamberlin, S. J.

AU - Chao, S.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Cho, H. S.

AU - Cho, M.

AU - Chow, J. H.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Cohadon, P. F.

AU - Colla, A.

AU - Collette, C.

AU - Colombini, M.

AU - Cominsky, L.

AU - Jr, M. Constancio

AU - Conte, A.

AU - Cook, D.

AU - Corbitt, T. R.

AU - Cornish, N.

AU - Corsi, A.

AU - Costa, C. A.

AU - Coughlin, M. W.

AU - Coulon, J. P.

AU - Countryman, S.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Cowart, M. J.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Coyne, R.

AU - Craig, K.

AU - Creighton, J. D.E.

AU - Creighton, T. D.

AU - Cripe, J.

AU - Crowder, S. G.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Cuoco, E.

AU - Cutler, C.

AU - Dahl, K.

AU - Dal Canton, T.

AU - Damjanic, M.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - D'Antonio, S.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - Dartez, L.

AU - Dattilo, V.

AU - Dave, I.

AU - Daveloza, H.

AU - Davier, M.

AU - Davies, G. S.

AU - Daw, E. J.

AU - Day, R.

AU - Debra, D.

AU - Debreczeni, G.

AU - Degallaix, J.

AU - De Laurentis, M.

AU - Deléglise, S.

AU - Del Pozzo, W.

AU - Denker, T.

AU - Dent, T.

AU - Dereli, H.

AU - Dergachev, V.

AU - De Rosa, R.

AU - Derosa, R. T.

AU - Desalvo, R.

AU - Dhurandhar, S.

AU - Díaz, M.

AU - Di Fiore, L.

AU - Di Lieto, A.

AU - Di Palma, I.

AU - Di Virgilio, A.

AU - Dojcinoski, G.

AU - Dolique, V.

AU - Dominguez, E.

AU - Donovan, F.

AU - Dooley, K. L.

AU - Doravari, S.

AU - Douglas, R.

AU - Downes, T. P.

AU - Drago, M.

AU - Driggers, J. C.

AU - Du, Z.

AU - Ducrot, M.

AU - Dwyer, S.

AU - Eberle, T.

AU - Edo, T.

AU - Edwards, M.

AU - Edwards, M.

AU - Effler, A.

AU - Eggenstein, H. B.

AU - Ehrens, P.

AU - Eichholz, J.

AU - Eikenberry, S. S.

AU - Fang, Q.

AU - Gendre, B.

AU - Howell, E. J.

AU - Ju, L.

AU - Kaur, T.

AU - Ma, Y.

AU - Van Heijningen, J.

AU - Wen, L.

AU - Zhao, C.

AU - Zhu, X. J.

PY - 2015/11/1

Y1 - 2015/11/1

N2 - We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) in data from the sixth Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of 10. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering -statistic. We found no evidence of GW signals. We set 95% confidence upper limits as strong (low) as 4 × 10-25 on intrinsic strain, 2 × 10-7 on fiducial ellipticity, and 4 × 10-5 on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.

AB - We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) in data from the sixth Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of 10. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering -statistic. We found no evidence of GW signals. We set 95% confidence upper limits as strong (low) as 4 × 10-25 on intrinsic strain, 2 × 10-7 on fiducial ellipticity, and 4 × 10-5 on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.

KW - gravitational waves

KW - ISM: supernova remnants

KW - stars: neutron

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84946761754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/813/1/39

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/813/1/39

M3 - Article

VL - 813

JO - The Astrophysical Journal

JF - The Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 39

ER -