Schizophrenia outcome measures in the wider international community

Mohan Isaac, P. Chand, P. Murthy

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    75 Citations (Scopus)


    Background Outcome of schizophrenia has been described as favourable in low- and middle-income countries. Recently, researchers have questioned these findings.Aims To examine the outcome studies carried out in different countries specifically looking at those from low- and middle-income countries.Methods Long-term course and outcome studies in schizophrenia were reviewed.Results A wide variety of outcome measures are used. The most frequent are clinical symptoms, hospitalisation and mortality (direct indicators), and social/occupational functioning, marriage, social support and burden of care (indirect indicators). Areas such as cognitive function, duration of untreated psychosis, quality of life and effect of medication have not been widely studied in low- and middle-income countries.Conclusions The outcome of schizophrenia appears to be better in low- and middle-income countries. A host of sociocultural factors have been cited as contributing to this but future research should aim to understand this better outcome. There is a need for more culture-specific instruments to measure outcomes.Declaration of interest None.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)s71-s77
    JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
    Issue numbersuppl
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    Dive into the research topics of 'Schizophrenia outcome measures in the wider international community'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this