Schema therapy for borderline personality disorder: A qualitative study of patients’ perceptions

Yeow May Tan, Christopher W. Lee, Lynn E. Averbeck, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Joan Farrell, Eva Fassbinder, Gitta A. Jacob, Desiree Martius, Sophie Wastiaux, Gerhard Zarbock, Arnoud Arntz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Schema therapy (ST) has been found to be effective in the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However very little is known about how the therapy is experienced by individuals with BPD including which specific elements of ST are helpful or unhelpful from their perspectives. The aim of this study is to explore BPD patients’ experiences of receiving ST, in intensive group or combined group-individual format. Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 36 individuals with a primary diagnosis of BPD (78% females) who received ST for at least 12 months. Participants were recruited as part of an international, multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT). Interview data (11 Australian, 12 Dutch, 13 German) were analyzed following the procedures of qualitative content analysis. Patients’ perceptions of the benefits gained in ST included improved self-understanding, and better awareness and management of their own emotional processes. While some aspects of ST, such as experiential techniques were perceived as emotionally confronting, patient narratives informed that this was necessary. Some recommendations for improved implementation of ST include the necessary adjunct of individual sessions to group ST and early discussion of therapy termination. Implications of the findings are also discussed, in particular the avenues for assessing the suitability of patients for group ST; management of group conflict and the optimal format for delivering treatment in the intensive group versus combined group-individual formats.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0206039
JournalPLoS One
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Schema therapy for borderline personality disorder: A qualitative study of patients’ perceptions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this