Sap flow index as an indicator of water storage use

N. Nadezhdina, J. Cermak, Alec Downey, V. Nadezhdin, M. Perämäki, J. Soares David, C.A. Pinto, T. Soares David

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 2015. Symmetrical temperature difference also known as the sap flow index (SFI) forms the basis of the Heat Field Deformation sap flow measurement and is simultaneously collected whilst measuring the sap flow. SFI can also be measured by any sap flow method applying internal continuous heating through the additional installation of an axial differential thermocouple equidistantly around a heater. In earlier research on apple trees SFI was found to be an informative parameter for tree physiological studies, namely for assessing the contribution of stem water storage to daily transpiration. The studies presented in this work are based on the comparative monitoring of SFI and diameter in stems of different species (Pseudotsuga menziesii, Picea omorika, Pinus sylvestris) and tree sizes. The ability of SFI to follow the patterns of daily stem water storage use was empirically confirmed by our data. Additionally, as the HFD multipointsensors can measure sap flow at several stem sapwood depths, their use allowed to analyze the use of stored water in different xylem layers through SFI records. Radial and circumferential monitoringof SFI on large cork oak trees provided insight into the relative magnitude and timing of the contribution of water stored in different sapwood layers or stem sectors to transpiration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)124-133
    JournalJournal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
    Volume63
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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