Sand transport under the combined influence of waves and tidal currents: an assessment of available formulae

Charitha Pattiaratchi, Michael B Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various formulae are used to predict the transport of sand under the combined influence of waves and currents. These approaches include the use of the unidirectional formulae of Einstein (1950), Frijlink (1952), Yalin (1963), Engelund and Hansen (1967), Sternberg (1972), Ackers and White (1973) and Gadd et al. (1978) modified, for the presence of waves, in accordance with the techniques described by Bijker (1967) and Swart (1976) and those of Bagnold (1963), Madsen and Grant (1976) and Vincent et al. (1981).

Predicted rates are compared with measurements, based upon fluorescent sand tracer studies, in an area of high tidal current and wave energy (northern Bristol Channel, U.K.). In general, predicted rates are lower than those measured and only the formulae of Madsen and Grant (1976) and the modified formula of Sternberg (1972) appear to provide realistic estimates of transport under wave- and tidally induced currents, in comparison with the field measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83–100
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Geology
Volume67
Issue number1–2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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tidal current
Sand
sand
wave energy
Induced currents
tracer
rate

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title = "Sand transport under the combined influence of waves and tidal currents: an assessment of available formulae",
abstract = "Various formulae are used to predict the transport of sand under the combined influence of waves and currents. These approaches include the use of the unidirectional formulae of Einstein (1950), Frijlink (1952), Yalin (1963), Engelund and Hansen (1967), Sternberg (1972), Ackers and White (1973) and Gadd et al. (1978) modified, for the presence of waves, in accordance with the techniques described by Bijker (1967) and Swart (1976) and those of Bagnold (1963), Madsen and Grant (1976) and Vincent et al. (1981).Predicted rates are compared with measurements, based upon fluorescent sand tracer studies, in an area of high tidal current and wave energy (northern Bristol Channel, U.K.). In general, predicted rates are lower than those measured and only the formulae of Madsen and Grant (1976) and the modified formula of Sternberg (1972) appear to provide realistic estimates of transport under wave- and tidally induced currents, in comparison with the field measurements.",
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Sand transport under the combined influence of waves and tidal currents: an assessment of available formulae. / Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Collins, Michael B.

In: Marine Geology, Vol. 67, No. 1–2, 1985, p. 83–100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sand transport under the combined influence of waves and tidal currents: an assessment of available formulae

AU - Pattiaratchi, Charitha

AU - Collins, Michael B

PY - 1985

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AB - Various formulae are used to predict the transport of sand under the combined influence of waves and currents. These approaches include the use of the unidirectional formulae of Einstein (1950), Frijlink (1952), Yalin (1963), Engelund and Hansen (1967), Sternberg (1972), Ackers and White (1973) and Gadd et al. (1978) modified, for the presence of waves, in accordance with the techniques described by Bijker (1967) and Swart (1976) and those of Bagnold (1963), Madsen and Grant (1976) and Vincent et al. (1981).Predicted rates are compared with measurements, based upon fluorescent sand tracer studies, in an area of high tidal current and wave energy (northern Bristol Channel, U.K.). In general, predicted rates are lower than those measured and only the formulae of Madsen and Grant (1976) and the modified formula of Sternberg (1972) appear to provide realistic estimates of transport under wave- and tidally induced currents, in comparison with the field measurements.

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