Salinity-induced calcium signaling and root adaptation in arabidopsis require the calcium regulatory protein annexin1

Anuphon Laohavisit, Siân L. Richards, Lana Shabala, Chen Chen, Renato D.D.R. Colaço, Stéphanie M. Swarbreck, Emma Shaw, Adeeba Dark, Sergey Shabala, Zhonglin Shang, Julia M. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)


Salinity (NaCl) stress impairs plant growth and inflicts severe crop losses. In roots, increasing extracellular NaCl causes Ca2+ influx to elevate cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) as a second messenger for adaptive signaling. Amplification of the signal involves plasma membrane reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activation, with the resultant reactive oxygen species triggering Ca2+ influx. The genetic identities of the Ca2+-permeable channels involved in generating the [Ca2+]cyt signal are unknown. Potential candidates in the model plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) include annexin1 (AtANN1). Here, luminescent detection of [Ca2+]cyt showed that AtANN1 responds to high extracellular NaCl by mediating reactive oxygen species-activated Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane of root epidermal protoplasts. Electrophysiological analysis revealed that root epidermal plasma membrane Ca2+ influx currents activated by NaCl are absent from the Atann1 loss-of-function mutant. Both adaptive signaling and salt-responsive production of secondary roots are impaired in the loss-of-function mutant, thus identifying AtANN1 as a key component of root cell adaptation to salinity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-262
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes


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