Safety and immunogenicity of V114, a 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, in children with SCD: a V114-023 (PNEU-SICKLE) study

V114-023 (PNEU-SICKLE) study group, Peter Richmond

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited red blood cell disease that results in a multitude of medical complications, including an increased risk of invasive disease caused by encapsulated bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal vaccines have contributed to a significant reduction in pneumococcal disease (PD) in children and adults, including those with SCD. This phase 3 study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of V114, a 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), in children with SCD. A total of 103 children aged 5 to 17 years with SCD were randomized and received a single dose of V114 or Prevnar 13 (PCV13). Safety was evaluated as the proportion of participants with adverse events (AEs). Serotype-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels and opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) were measured immediately before vaccination and 30 days after vaccination. Overall, the rates of injection-site and systemic AEs reported after vaccination were similar between the vaccination groups. Up to 6 months after vaccination, serious AEs were those expected for patients with SCD, and none were assessed to be vaccine related. IgG geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) and OPA geometric mean titers (GMTs) for the 13 shared serotypes were generally comparable between recipients of V114 and PCV13. Additionally, V114 induced immune responses to serotypes 22F and 33F, which are not included in PCV13. The safety and tolerability profiles of V114 were consistent with those reported for PCV13. Immune responses following vaccination with V114 were generally comparable to PCV13 for the shared serotypes and higher for unique serotypes 22F and 33F. These results support the use of V114 in children with SCD. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT03731182.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-421
Number of pages8
JournalBlood advances
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2023

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