Safety and Efficacy of Renal Denervation in Patients Taking Antihypertensive Medications

SPYRAL HTN-ON MED Investigators, Markus Schlaich

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Background: Renal denervation (RDN) reduces blood pressure (BP) in patients with uncontrolled hypertension in the absence of antihypertensive medications. Objectives: This trial assessed the safety and efficacy of RDN in the presence of antihypertensive medications. Methods: SPYRAL HTN-ON MED is a prospective, randomized, sham-controlled, patient- and assessor-blinded trial enrolling patients from 56 clinical centers worldwide. Patients were prescribed 1 to 3 antihypertensive medications. Patients were randomized to radiofrequency RDN or sham control procedure. The primary efficacy endpoint was the baseline-adjusted change in mean 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP at 6 months between groups using a Bayesian trial design and analysis. Results: The treatment difference in the mean 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP from baseline to 6 months between the RDN group (n = 206; −6.5 ± 10.7 mm Hg) and sham control group (n = 131; −4.5 ± 10.3 mm Hg) was −1.9 mm Hg (95% CI: −4.4 to 0.5 mm Hg; P = 0.12). There was no significant difference between groups in the primary efficacy analysis with a posterior probability of superiority of 0.51 (Bayesian treatment difference: −0.03 mm Hg [95% CI: −2.82 to 2.77 mm Hg]). However, there were changes and increases in medication intensity among sham control patients. RDN was associated with a reduction in office systolic BP compared with sham control at 6 months (adjusted treatment difference: −4.9 mm Hg; P = 0.0015). Night-time BP reductions and win ratio analysis also favored RDN. There was 1 adverse safety event among 253 assessed patients. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between groups in the primary analysis. However, multiple secondary endpoint analyses favored RDN over sham control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1823
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2023

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