Safe habitats: does the association between neighborhood crime and walking differ by neighborhood disadvantage?

Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Nicola W. Burton, Wendy J. Brown, Billie Giles-Corti, Jerome N. Rachele, Gavin Turrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Interrelationships between neighborhood walkability, area disadvantage, and crime may contribute to the inconsistent associations between crime and walking. We examined associations between crime and walking, and tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage while addressing these additional complexities. Participants (n = 6,680) from 200 neighborhoods spanning the most and least disadvantaged in Brisbane, Australia, completed a questionnaire and objective measures were generated for the individual-level 1,000-m neighborhood. Multilevel models examined associations between crime (perceived and objective) and walking (recreational and transport), and interactions tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage. High perceived crime was associated with reduced odds of transport walking, whereas high objective crime was associated with increased odds of transport walking. Patterns did not differ by neighborhood disadvantage. In disadvantaged neighborhoods, the “negative” criminogenic attributes were insufficient to outweigh the “positive” walkability attributes, producing similar walking patterns to advantaged neighborhoods where residents were dislocated from local destinations but buffered from crime.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironment and Behavior
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

crime
walking
habitat

Cite this

Foster, Sarah ; Hooper, Paula ; Burton, Nicola W. ; Brown, Wendy J. ; Giles-Corti, Billie ; Rachele, Jerome N. ; Turrell, Gavin. / Safe habitats : does the association between neighborhood crime and walking differ by neighborhood disadvantage?. In: Environment and Behavior. 2019.
@article{431c846016c94ebc9773292a824859a8,
title = "Safe habitats: does the association between neighborhood crime and walking differ by neighborhood disadvantage?",
abstract = "Interrelationships between neighborhood walkability, area disadvantage, and crime may contribute to the inconsistent associations between crime and walking. We examined associations between crime and walking, and tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage while addressing these additional complexities. Participants (n = 6,680) from 200 neighborhoods spanning the most and least disadvantaged in Brisbane, Australia, completed a questionnaire and objective measures were generated for the individual-level 1,000-m neighborhood. Multilevel models examined associations between crime (perceived and objective) and walking (recreational and transport), and interactions tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage. High perceived crime was associated with reduced odds of transport walking, whereas high objective crime was associated with increased odds of transport walking. Patterns did not differ by neighborhood disadvantage. In disadvantaged neighborhoods, the “negative” criminogenic attributes were insufficient to outweigh the “positive” walkability attributes, producing similar walking patterns to advantaged neighborhoods where residents were dislocated from local destinations but buffered from crime.",
keywords = "built environment, crime, safety, socioeconomic disparities, walkability",
author = "Sarah Foster and Paula Hooper and Burton, {Nicola W.} and Brown, {Wendy J.} and Billie Giles-Corti and Rachele, {Jerome N.} and Gavin Turrell",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1177/0013916519853300",
language = "English",
journal = "Environment and Behavior",
issn = "0013-9165",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

Safe habitats : does the association between neighborhood crime and walking differ by neighborhood disadvantage? / Foster, Sarah; Hooper, Paula; Burton, Nicola W.; Brown, Wendy J.; Giles-Corti, Billie; Rachele, Jerome N.; Turrell, Gavin.

In: Environment and Behavior, 05.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Safe habitats

T2 - does the association between neighborhood crime and walking differ by neighborhood disadvantage?

AU - Foster, Sarah

AU - Hooper, Paula

AU - Burton, Nicola W.

AU - Brown, Wendy J.

AU - Giles-Corti, Billie

AU - Rachele, Jerome N.

AU - Turrell, Gavin

PY - 2019/6/5

Y1 - 2019/6/5

N2 - Interrelationships between neighborhood walkability, area disadvantage, and crime may contribute to the inconsistent associations between crime and walking. We examined associations between crime and walking, and tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage while addressing these additional complexities. Participants (n = 6,680) from 200 neighborhoods spanning the most and least disadvantaged in Brisbane, Australia, completed a questionnaire and objective measures were generated for the individual-level 1,000-m neighborhood. Multilevel models examined associations between crime (perceived and objective) and walking (recreational and transport), and interactions tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage. High perceived crime was associated with reduced odds of transport walking, whereas high objective crime was associated with increased odds of transport walking. Patterns did not differ by neighborhood disadvantage. In disadvantaged neighborhoods, the “negative” criminogenic attributes were insufficient to outweigh the “positive” walkability attributes, producing similar walking patterns to advantaged neighborhoods where residents were dislocated from local destinations but buffered from crime.

AB - Interrelationships between neighborhood walkability, area disadvantage, and crime may contribute to the inconsistent associations between crime and walking. We examined associations between crime and walking, and tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage while addressing these additional complexities. Participants (n = 6,680) from 200 neighborhoods spanning the most and least disadvantaged in Brisbane, Australia, completed a questionnaire and objective measures were generated for the individual-level 1,000-m neighborhood. Multilevel models examined associations between crime (perceived and objective) and walking (recreational and transport), and interactions tested for differences by neighborhood disadvantage. High perceived crime was associated with reduced odds of transport walking, whereas high objective crime was associated with increased odds of transport walking. Patterns did not differ by neighborhood disadvantage. In disadvantaged neighborhoods, the “negative” criminogenic attributes were insufficient to outweigh the “positive” walkability attributes, producing similar walking patterns to advantaged neighborhoods where residents were dislocated from local destinations but buffered from crime.

KW - built environment

KW - crime

KW - safety

KW - socioeconomic disparities

KW - walkability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067830812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0013916519853300

DO - 10.1177/0013916519853300

M3 - Article

JO - Environment and Behavior

JF - Environment and Behavior

SN - 0013-9165

ER -