SAFB re-distribution marks steps of the apoptotic process

Y. Lee, Shane Colley, M. Norman, G. Biamonti, J.B. Uney

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19 Citations (Scopus)


We have found novel functions of scaffold attachment factor-B1 (SAFB) during apoptosis. The experiments showed that SAFB moved into the nucleolus 15 min after the induction of apoptosis and before the release of cytochrome c into the cytoplasm. Two hours later SAFB formed a peri-nucleolar ring-like structure and this occurred after cytochrome c release and before PARP cleavage. Digestion with RNase suggested that the peri-nucleolar ring structure was dependent on RNA integrity and a RNA moiety formed part of this structure. Studies using SAFB deletion mutants showed that the formation of the peri-nucleolar structure was not mediated by the DNA binding (SAP) or the RNA binding (RRM) domain of SAFB but was instead dependent on the S/K and R/E coiled-coil regions: a result suggesting that the structure is formed via protein interactions. In addition, SAFB cleavage was shown to be mediated by caspase-3 and occurred after the formation of the peri-nucleolar ring and after cleavage of PARP (characteristic of proteins having a direct role in apoptosis). A determinant for this cleavage is located in the DNA binding domain and we hypothesize that SAFB may direct the reorganization and segregation of nuclear RNA and DNA prior to endonuclease-mediated DNA cleavage. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3914-3923
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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