Cutaneous exposure to ultraviolet (UV) A (320-400 nm) results in the formation of damaging reactive oxygen intermediates, which are implicated as mediators of DNA damage, apoptosis, and photoaging. S100A8 is a low-molecular-weight calcium-binding protein, highly sensitive to oxidation. In this study, UVA-induced S100A8 expression by keratinocytes was investigated. UVA (50-100 kJ per m2) strongly induced S100A8 in differentiated keratinocytes in the epidermis of BALB/c mice. Similarly, S100A8 mRNA and monomeric protein were significantly upregulated in PAM212 cells (a murine keratinocyte cell line) in response to 10 kJ per m2 UVA 24 h after irradiation. Although S100A9 associates with S100A8 in neutrophils and abnormally differentiated keratinocytes (human psoriasis), in this study it was not coinduced with keratinocyte S100A8. Dorsal application of 4-hydroxy-tempo (a superoxide dismutase-mimicking agent) to mice concentrationdependently reduced UVA-induced S100A8 expression. Incubation of PAM212 cells with superoxide dismutase and catalase during UVA irradiation also abrogated S100A8 induction. These results suggest that UVA-induced S100A8 is expressed by keratinocytes in response to generation of reactive oxygen intermediates.