Rural household food security in the Punjab, Pakistan: measurement, determinants and policy

Khalid Bashir

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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    [Truncated] Increasing our understanding of rural household food security in developing countries is important to improve their policy design. Malnourishment in these countries has indeed been on the rise. In addition, there is a lack of quantitative micro economic analysis that provide a better picture of the distribution of food insecurity, both across regions and socio-economic categories. The current understanding of food security represents a confined view because of the dominance of macro-based research related only to food availability. Macro-based research does not highlight food insecure regions or social categories within food secure countries and cannot predict the complicated three-dimensional nature of food security: food availability, accessibility and utilization. This study aims to address some of these deficiencies by exploring the food availability and accessibility dimensions of food security at the rural household level. The purpose is to identify the methods required to improve the performance of regional or national food security policies in Pakistan.
    This is a thesis by publications and comprises eight papers. Chapter 2 – Review of the literature– presents three papers providing a critical review of food security measurement methods, of the determinants of rural household food security and of food security policy assessment, in general and in Pakistan in particular. Chapter 3 – Food Security in the Punjab, Pakistan – incorporates three papers. Paper one analyzes the food security situation and identifies key factors associated with rural household food security. Paper two discusses methodological issues regarding measurement and, borrowing from techniques used in finance, extends the debate to vulnerability analysis. Paper three proposes a disaggregation model and uses it to show the importance of disaggregated analysis for policy design. Chapter 4 – Food Security Policy Assessment – has two papers: both of them assess the impact of multiple policies for different household categories, i.e. small farmers and landless households.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2013


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