Root dynamics and survival in a nutrient-poor and species-rich woodland under a drying climate

François P. Teste, Victoria A. Marchesini, Erik J. Veneklaas, Kingsley W. Dixon, Hans Lambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: In Australia’s Mediterranean hyperdiverse vegetation, species that produce cluster roots to mobilise poorly-available nutrients (e.g. Banksia spp.) are an important functional and structural component. Cluster roots are only active during the wet season, indicating a strong dependence on suitable surface soil moisture conditions. Winter rainfall in this region is declining due to global climate change, with a delayed commencement of rains and a decline in precipitation. It is unknown how lower soil moisture levels will affect the root dynamics of these globally-significant plant communities. Methods: We determined the root dynamics and root lifespan with minirhizotrons with or without irrigation to simulate reduced rainfall scenarios. Results: We found a major effect of irrigation on the early production (0.24 m m−2 d−1 increase), occurrence (97% increase) of cluster roots and only slight effects on lifespan (~10 days less) of all root types. With irrigation, the resultant greater soil moisture levels increased the deployment of cluster roots. Apart from cluster roots, the dynamics of other roots did not decline at lower soil moisture levels, suggesting that this system shows some resilience to decreased rainfall. Conclusions: Future research should focus on assessing if climate-altered cluster-root activity may be promoting compositional shifts in plant communities with additional restraining effects on root trait diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-102
Number of pages12
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume424
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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woodlands
woodland
drying
soil water
climate
rain
nutrient
nutrients
irrigation
plant communities
Banksia
soil moisture
wet season
climate change
rainfall
vegetation
winter
plant community
structural component
global climate

Cite this

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title = "Root dynamics and survival in a nutrient-poor and species-rich woodland under a drying climate",
abstract = "Background and aims: In Australia’s Mediterranean hyperdiverse vegetation, species that produce cluster roots to mobilise poorly-available nutrients (e.g. Banksia spp.) are an important functional and structural component. Cluster roots are only active during the wet season, indicating a strong dependence on suitable surface soil moisture conditions. Winter rainfall in this region is declining due to global climate change, with a delayed commencement of rains and a decline in precipitation. It is unknown how lower soil moisture levels will affect the root dynamics of these globally-significant plant communities. Methods: We determined the root dynamics and root lifespan with minirhizotrons with or without irrigation to simulate reduced rainfall scenarios. Results: We found a major effect of irrigation on the early production (0.24 m m−2 d−1 increase), occurrence (97{\%} increase) of cluster roots and only slight effects on lifespan (~10 days less) of all root types. With irrigation, the resultant greater soil moisture levels increased the deployment of cluster roots. Apart from cluster roots, the dynamics of other roots did not decline at lower soil moisture levels, suggesting that this system shows some resilience to decreased rainfall. Conclusions: Future research should focus on assessing if climate-altered cluster-root activity may be promoting compositional shifts in plant communities with additional restraining effects on root trait diversity.",
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author = "Teste, {Fran{\cc}ois P.} and Marchesini, {Victoria A.} and Veneklaas, {Erik J.} and Dixon, {Kingsley W.} and Hans Lambers",
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Root dynamics and survival in a nutrient-poor and species-rich woodland under a drying climate. / Teste, François P.; Marchesini, Victoria A.; Veneklaas, Erik J.; Dixon, Kingsley W.; Lambers, Hans.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 424, No. 1-2, 01.03.2018, p. 91-102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Marchesini, Victoria A.

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AU - Lambers, Hans

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