Role of MCP-1 in pleural effusion development in a carrageenan-induced murine model of pleurisy

Sally M. Lansley, Hui Min Cheah, Y. C Gary Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objective: Exudative pleural effusions affect over 1500 patients per million population each year. The pathobiology of pleural exudate formation remains unclear. Our recent study revealed monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) as a key driver of fibrinolytic-induced exudate effusion while another study found a role for MCP-1 in malignant effusion formation. In the present study, we further evaluated the role of MCP-1 in the development of pleural effusion in a mouse model of acute pleural inflammation. Methods: λ-Carrageenan (CAR) was injected into the pleural cavity of CD1 mice and pleural effusion volume measured up to 16 h post-injection. Pleural effusion and serum protein and MCP-1 concentrations were measured and differential cell counts performed in fluids. Mice were also treated with either intraperitoneal (i) anti-MCP-1 antibody or isotype control or (ii) an MCP-1 receptor (CCR2) antagonist or vehicle control 12 h prior to and at the time of CAR injection. Results: Intrapleural CAR induced significant pleural fluid accumulation (300.0 ± 49.9 μL) in mice after 4 h. Pleural fluid MCP-1 concentrations were significantly higher than corresponding serum MCP-1 (144 603 ± 23 204 pg/mL vs 3703 ± 801 pg/mL, P < 0.0001). A significant decrease in pleural fluid formation was seen both with anti-MCP-1 antibody (median (interquartile range, IQR): 36 (0–168) μL vs controls 290 (70–436) μL; P = 0.02) or CCR2 antagonist (153 (30–222) μL vs controls 240 (151–331) μL, P = 0.0049). Conclusions: Blockade of MCP-1 activity significantly reduced inflammatory pleural effusion formation in a CAR model. Together with recent successes in MCP-1 blockade in other effusion formation models, our data strongly support clinical evaluation of MCP-1 antagonists as a novel approach to pleural fluid management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-763
Number of pages6
JournalRespirology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

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